UK - London region
Museum of London
The Museum of London explores the history of UK’s capital city through a series of exhibitions.
The contents of some galleries at the Museum of London are constantly changing, although there are nine permanent collections. These look at the development of the city since prehistoric times, through to Roman London, the medieval period, the Great Fire of London in 1666 and onwards, right up to present day.
Ranging from archaeological finds such as Roman ceramics to historic objects such as Oliver Cromwell’s death mask, the artifacts at the Museum of London offer an interesting and comprehensive insight into the city’s past.
There are also recreations of rooms and streets from different periods plus the chance to see an authentic medieval dungeon.
Adress: London Wall No. 150, London
Schedule: Monday - Friday: 11:30 - 15:30
Saturday - Sunday: 10:00 - 18:00
Phone: +44 (0)2070 019.844
The British Museum
The museum was established in 1753 and was opened to the public on 15 January 1759. It was based on the collection of Sir Hans Sloane, a physician and collector who wanted the artifacts he’d acquired to last after his death. His collection included over 400,000 books and antiques from Greece, Rome, Egypt, Middle East and America.
The British Museum was first located in the Montagu house, a sixteenth-century mansion. However, this building soon became too small for the expanding collection acquired by the museum and through private donations.
In 1782, the collection grew considerably, including numerous Greek and Roman artifacts. Later, in 1801, the museum obtained Egyptian relics, including the impressive Rosetta Stone (Famous for its role in translating the Egyptian hieroglyphs). In 1823, George IV donated his father’s entire library, making it necessary to move the museum to another building.
In 1852 the new building, which had been constructed in the Greek Revival style, was completed. The British Museum is still currently housed in this impressive edifice designed by Sir Robert Smirke.
To make more room for new relics the natural history collections were moved in 1887 to what is now the Natural History Museum. Furthermore, in 1973 the library became part of a new organization.
Adress: Great Russell Street, London
Schedule: 10:00 – 17:00
Phone: +44 (0)2073 238.000
Tate Modern in London
Tate galleries, art museums in the United Kingdom that house the national collection of British art from the 16th century and the national collection of modern art. There are four branches: the Tate Britain and Tate Modern in London, the Tate Liverpool, and the Tate St. Ives in Cornwall.
The Tate Britain, located on the Millbank in the borough of Westminster, resulted from the benefaction of sugar tycoon Sir Henry Tate, who gave both the building and his art collection to the nation. The Neoclassical building was designed by Sidney Smith and was opened to the public in 1897; it has received six extensions, the last of which, the Clore Gallery, opened in 1987 to house the world’s finest collection of works by the British painter J.M.W. Turner. Originally called the Tate Gallery, the museum changed its name to Tate Britain in 2000, when it began displaying only British art. The collection commences with Elizabethan and Jacobean examples. The 18th and 19th centuries are exceptionally well represented, including works by Joshua Reynolds, Thomas Gainsborough, William Hogarth, George Stubbs, John Constable, William Blake, and the Pre-Raphaelites.
The gallery’s extensive collection of modern and contemporary works by international artists was moved to the Tate Modern, which opened in 2000. Located on the Bankside (an area along the south bank of the River Thames), the Tate Modern is a refurbished power station designed by Swiss architects Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron.
Adress: Tate Modern Bankside, London
Schedule: Monday – Sunday: 10:00 - 18:00
Phone: +44 (0)2078 878.888